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Elections 2023: Elections in 10 states including Mp-Rajasthan this year, know where and how are the latest political equations

elections in ten states
– Photo: Amar Ujala

From a political point of view, the next year is going to be very important in India. A total of ten state elections are to be held in the country next year. Elections will be held in the three northeastern states of Tripura, Meghalaya and Nagaland between February and March. At the same time, the process of assembly elections in the South Indian state of Karnataka will be completed in April-May. The states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Mizoram and Telangana will also face assembly elections later in the year. Elections can also be held in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir this year.
Presently Madhya Pradesh, Tripura and Karnataka have BJP governments, while in Meghalaya, Nagaland and Mizoram BJP is in government with NDA allies. The Congress holds only Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh, while Telangana is ruled by the Bharatiya Rashtra Samithi (formerly Telangana Rashtra Samithi). Elections have not yet been held in Jammu and Kashmir since becoming a Union Territory.
1. Madhya Pradesh
At present, there is a BJP government in Madhya Pradesh headed by Shivraj Singh Chouhan. No party got a majority in the 2018 assembly elections. Congress, which won 114 seats in the 230-seat assembly after the elections, formed the government with the support of independents and the BSP and SP. With this, for the first time after 1998, the Congress came to power here.
However, only after a year and a quarter there was a rebellion in the Congress. The Kamal Nath government fell after a total of 22 MLAs, including Jyotiraditya Scindia’s supporters, switched to the BJP in March 2020. After this the BJP again came to power and Shivraj Singh Chouhan became the Chief Minister once again. After this, in the by-elections held on a total of 28 seats, the BJP won 18 seats and once again secured majority in the assembly.
The next assembly elections in the state will be held in November-December. There will be a challenge before the BJP to improve its performance. At the same time, the main opposition Congress will once again try to come into the government riding on the anti-incumbency wave.
2. Rajasthan
For the last three decades, the power in Rajasthan changes every five years. In the 2018 elections, the main opposition Congress returned to power after five years. Ashok Gehlot once again became the Chief Minister of the state. However, the government never looked stable due to the rebellion of its own people. In July and August 2020, due to the rebellion of the Pilot faction, the situation came to such an extent that the Ashok Gehlot-led Rajasthan government had to face a vote of no confidence. Due to the rebellion, many MLAs including Pilot had to lose their posts. Suddenly the situation changed and after the persuasion of the Congress high command, the attitude of the pilot group became loose. The government then won a vote of confidence in the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly through a voice vote.
Assembly elections are due in the state later this year. On whose face will the Congress contest the elections this time, this is still a moot question. Apart from this, the party will also face the challenge of overcoming the anti-incumbency wave. On the other hand, BJP will hope to return here once again.
3. Tripura
The BJP had won the 2018 Tripura Assembly elections. The BJP had ousted the Left, which was ruling here for 25 years. Biplab Deb became the state chief minister. In May this year, BJP handed over the command of the state to Deb’s Jah Manik Sah. Now Shah will have the responsibility of returning the BJP to power.
However, just before the election announcement, political turmoil continues in the state. BJP leader Hungsha Kumar Tripura joined Tipra Motha along with 6,000 of his tribal supporters in August this year. At the same time, the Adivasi Adhikar Party is trying to form an anti-BJP political front. Along with this, many leaders are changing parties. In the midst of all this, the BJP is going to take out the Rath Yatra in terms of election preparation.
4. Meghalaya
In 2018, the National People’s Party (NPP) and BJP coalition government was formed in the state. Congress emerged as the single largest party. However, it fell short of the majority mark. The NPP-BJP fought separately in the elections and forged an alliance. Konrad Sangma of NPP became the Chief Minister. Here too political upheaval continues before the elections. Even the rifts are visible between the NPP and the BJP, which is running the coalition government. Recently two MLAs resigned from NPP and joined BJP.
5. Nagaland
There was a split in the ruling Naga People’s Front (NPF) ahead of the 2018 assembly elections. Neiphiu Rio, a senior party leader and chief minister of the state, sided with the rebel group. The rebels formed the Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP). Before the elections, the NPF broke the alliance with the BJP. BJP and NDPP contested the elections together. NDPP won 18 seats and BJP won 12 seats. The coalition came to power and Neiphiu Rio became the chief minister. After Neiphiu Rio became CM, most of the MLAs of NPF which won 27 seats joined NDPP. This took the tally of NDPP MLAs to 42. At the same time, only four MLAs of NPF were left. Later NPF also extended support to the ruling coalition. At present, all the 60 MLAs of the state assembly are in the ruling party.
6. Karnataka
In the 2018 assembly elections, the BJP had won 104 seats in the 224-seat assembly. Despite being the largest party, the BJP stayed away from power. JDS and Congress formed the government in post-poll alliance. Later the resignation of Congress and JDS MLAs led to the fall of the Kumaraswamy government. The BJP formed the government under the leadership of BS Yeddyurappa after the MLAs defected. Yeddyurappa resigned as Chief Minister on 26 July 2021, the second anniversary of his fourth term. Basavaraj Bommai replaced him on 28 July 2021. Elections are to be held in the state in April-May. Before this both BJP and Congress are going through internal strife. The BJP is engaged in resolving the differences between former CM BS Yeddyurappa and CM Basavaraj Bommai. At the same time, Congress is engaged in uniting Karnataka President DK Shivakumar and former Chief Minister Siddaramaiah.
7. Chhattisgarh
The Congress had regained power in the state after 15 years in 2018 by winning 68 out of 90 seats. At the same time, the BJP led by Raman Singh got only 15 seats. Bhupesh Baghel was made the Chief Minister of the state. Since 2018, the BJP has lost five bypolls held here. The recently held Bhanupratappur assembly by-election is the latest example of this. Earlier Congress had also won in Dantewada, Chitrakote, Marwahi and Khairagarh.
8. Mizoram
In Mizoram, the Mizo National Front (MNF) won 26 out of 40 seats in the 2018 assembly elections. Congress could win only 5 seats. The BJP had opened its account in the state for the first time. This time also BJP and MNF are claiming a big victory from now on. At the same time, the Congress is struggling to keep the party united. The MNF is part of both the NDA at the Center and the BJP-led NEDA in the region.
9. Telangana
In the 2018 assembly elections, Bharat Telangana Rashtra Samithi (formerly Telangana Rashtra Samithi) led by Chandrasekhar Rao won a landslide victory by winning 87 out of 119 seats. The Congress had won 19 seats. TDP had won just two seats as against 15 last time. BJP got only one seat. Telangana is also included in the new states where the BJP is trying to expand the party. Many big leaders of the state have joined BJP from other parties including Congress, TDP. BJP is trying to make 2023 election between TRS and BJP instead of TRS and Congress. Many BJP leaders including BJP President JP Nadda, Home Minister Amit Shah are making frequent election visits here.
10. Jammu and Kashmir
After the removal of Article-370, the delimitation work for the state assembly has been completed. The Election Commission can conduct elections in the state this year itself. BJP in-charge of Jammu and Kashmir Tarun Chugh recently called upon party members to reach out to the people of the state. The party has started preparing for the elections. There are also reports of visits by party president JP Nadda, Home Minister Amit Shah and Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the next three months.
The opposition is also gearing up. On 5 December, Farooq Abdullah, the former chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, was re-elected as the chief of the National Conference. Secretly the alliance is preparing to contest the elections together. At the same time, the newly formed Democratic Azad Party of former Congressman Ghulam Nabi Azad can also play an important role in this election.

Detailed

From a political point of view, the next year is going to be very important in India. A total of ten state elections are to be held in the country next year. Elections will be held in the three northeastern states of Tripura, Meghalaya and Nagaland between February and March. At the same time, the process of assembly elections in the South Indian state of Karnataka will be completed in April-May. The states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Mizoram and Telangana will also face assembly elections later in the year. Elections can also be held in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir this year.

Presently Madhya Pradesh, Tripura and Karnataka have BJP governments, while in Meghalaya, Nagaland and Mizoram BJP is in government with NDA allies. The Congress holds only Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh, while Telangana is ruled by the Bharatiya Rashtra Samithi (formerly Telangana Rashtra Samithi). Elections have not yet been held in Jammu and Kashmir since becoming a Union Territory.

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